Few parents are strict with food and give you exactly what has to be fed and how much has to be fed to the baby. Sometimes, they leave it upto you when you are babysitting at home. It is extremely important to understand what has to be fed to a baby of what age. If the mother has given you the breast milk then you can feed that or you have go with complementary food.
Modern infant formula is as close as possible in composition to breast milk.
However, they cannot provide the child’s body with all the necessary vitamins and microelements.
Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO), and with it the majority of pediatricians, recommend the introduction of complementary foods for children who are bottle-fed from 4.5 to 5 months.
With the mixture, the child already receives a significant amount of foreign nutrients that prepare the intestines for new products. Therefore, the digestive system of artificial babies quickly adapts to the new food.
General rules for the introduction of complementary foods with artificial feeding:
- 1 product is introduced at a time. After a week, you can try a second one, then you can introduce new products more often.
- Never give a child 2 foods at the same time.
- Spoon food for your baby.
- Introduce new foods gradually and monitor your baby’s response.
- Do not give new foods if your baby is sick or 3 days before or after vaccinations.
- The first meal should be liquid, uniform, and free of lumps.
Where to start complementary feeding with artificial feeding?
Experienced pediatricians recommend starting complementary foods with vegetables, cereals (especially if the child is not gaining weight well), meat.
The first puree can be made with squash, broccoli, or cauliflower. These are the lightest and non-allergenic foods. You can add potatoes and pumpkin a little later.
It is advisable to give vegetable complementary foods in the second feeding, literally 2-3 teaspoons. Then add the mixture. So there is more chance that the baby will try a new dish. Monitor the child’s condition during the day. If the baby develops a rash, has disturbed sleep or stomach problems, wait with a new product until the symptoms disappear completely. If all is well, the next day, increase the amount of puree (5-7 tablespoons).
Increase the number of servings every day to completely replace one feeding by day 10 (there will be about 150 g of puree). After that, you can start adding other vegetables.
Porridge is introduced a month and a half after vegetables. They replace morning or evening feeding. For dinner, cereals are often given to children with underweight.
It is recommended to start with dairy-free gluten-free cereals – buckwheat, rice, corn. Then you can expand the diet with oatmeal, multi-grain, semolina porridge. Gradually replace the mixture with porridge, bringing the portion to 180-200 g.
Fruit purees (apple, pear, banana, plum) and juices do not replace food, this is a dessert. It is better to introduce them from 6 months, increasing the portion to 50-80 g.
Cottage cheese is given to artificial children from 6-7 months, starting from 0.5-1 teaspoon and gradually bringing the portion to 50 g. This is a daily norm and it is not necessary to increase it up to a year. Yoghurts, kefir, and other fermented milk products are introduced into the diet a little later – from 8-9 months.
From 7 months, you can add the vegetable (preferably olive) and butter to mashed potatoes or cereals, 5 g per day. At the same age, meat is introduced. First, it is better to cook the soup with meat broth and see the reaction. The next day, give a couple of tablespoons of boiled meat.
The least allergenic meat is a rabbit, turkey, and quail. Then you can enter beef, chicken, veal, and pork. A couple of days after getting to know the meat, give the baby 1/4 of the hard-boiled yolk. It can be added to the soup. It is not recommended to give more than half of the yolk until a year.
The fish is introduced later than all, at 9-10 months. Start with 1/2 teaspoon, gradually bringing up to 50 g. For the first feeding, hake, pollock, perch, cod are suitable. It is enough to give fish once a week, after a year – 2 times.
So the child gradually replaces 3 feedings (breakfast, lunch, and afternoon tea) and formula feeding ceases to be the main one.
The above information is absolutely important for parents and babysitters. Both parties must also get to know if the baby has any allergy and feed accordingly. Parents love it when babysitters get everything right with feeding and it definitely one of the ways to ace babysitting or nannying.
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